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Upskilling: Older Adults

 

In order to answer these questions successfully and complete this upskilling module you will need to read the text relating to adapting your sessions to Older Adults. Click here to download it.

 

1. At what approximate age does the ageing process begin?

20 years
30 years
40 years
50 years

2. At what age will progressive losses to physiological systems occur, requiring exercise adaptations to be considered?

20 years
30 years
40 years
50 years

3. What is the yearly percentage loss in each of the body’s systems, due to the ageing process?

0.5 - 1%
1 - 2%
2 - 3%
3 - 4%

4. A decline in which two motor skills can lead to the potential risk of falls?

Balance and co-ordination
Balance and muscular strength
Muscular strength and flexibility
Flexibility and co-ordination

5. Reduced motor learning is a decline in which function?

Aerobic endurance
Cognitive function
Sensory function
Muscular endurance

6. Poorer short term memory is a decline in which function?

Aerobic endurance
Cognitive function
Sensory function
Muscular endurance

7. According to ACSM/AHA guidelines, what recommendations should be applied to an exercise programme for the ‘older adult’?

Gradual warm-up lasting 10 mins, beginning with shoulder circles
Gradual warm-up lasting 10 mins, beginning with arm circles
Gradual warm-up lasting 15 mins, beginning with shoulder circles
Gradual warm-up lasting 15 mins, beginning with arm circles

8. What anatomical movement should the ‘older adult’ avoid performing?

Extreme spinal flexion
Shoulder circumduction
Hip abduction
Neck rotation

9. What exercise consideration should be made with regard to resistance training for the ‘older adult’?

Higher resistance and progress slowly
Lower resistance and progress slowly
Higher resistance and progress quickly
Lower resistance and progress quickly



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